Trivarna Dhwaja or Tiranga – Indian National Flag

About Trivarna Dhwaja or Tiranga – The Tricolour (National Flag of India) on the Indian Independence Day. I couldn’t think of a better day to start posting traditional textiles series.

Namaste Dear Tantu Reader,

I always wonder what interesting is left there if all the people around the world wear same type of clothing. What if all the birds were parrots? Would we like to watch only parrots all around? Wouldn’t we also love to watch sparrows, pigeons, peacocks, crows and all? I believe every culture has designed its unique clothing style based on the geographical factors and also based on their cultural beliefs. There is a scientific art behind every tradition. And every regional clothing tradition is invaluable contribution of our ancestors to the world of textiles and fashion.

To know and to share more about traditional textiles and clothing is one of my strongest desires since I thought of starting my blog. That fine day has come! This is my first post about textiles. I’m very much excited to start with Indian National Flag, Trivarna Dhwaja or Tiranga or The Tricolour πŸ™‚

About Trivarna Dhwaja or Tiranga

Trivarna Dwaja or Tiranga is India’s National Flag that has India saffron, white and India green coloured equal sized horizontal bands along with a navy blue Ashoka chakra (wheel) of 24 equidistant spokes at the centre of it, as we all know. This Tricolour Flag of 2:3 proportions was adopted on 22nd July 1947.

Significance of Tiranga as described by Shri Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, India’s first Vice President and second President, is as follows:

Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green shows our relation to (the) soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends. The “Ashoka Chakra” in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.

Trivarna Dhwaja or Tiranga Making

Tiranga is to be made of hand spun and hand woven cotton or silk fabric called khadi. The manufacturing process and specifications follow the standards set by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission owns the right to manufacture the flag. Initially, the flag was manufactured only at Dharwad Taluk Kshetriya Seva Sangh, Garag. Today, a handful of organisations like the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha of Hubli also manufacture the flag for entire India as per the allocation by Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission. Kannadigas, we have many reasons to be proud of our Dharwad and Hubli!

As per BIS, the specifications for the manufacture of the Indian flag includes flag sizes, dye colour, chromatic values, brightness, thread count, fabric weight, stitches per inch and hemp cordage. If you are interested to know the specific details, please check Flag of India. Any defects in the manufacturing may result in punishments too.

Designer of Indian National Flag

Remembering the designer of Indian national flag, Pingali Venkayyaji on the eve of Indian independence day…

Designer of Indian National Flag - Pingali Venkayya

Designer of Indian National Flag – Pingali Venkayya

Let’s hope we would be able to nourish all the traditional textiles and clothing across India…

Pyara Tiranga is flying high…

Happy Independence Day to all the Indian Readers of Tantu!


Read more about Indian National Flag here: History of Indian Tricolor

Image courtesy: Unknown facebook friend.


Take care! Bye until the next post!



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A nature lover and dreamer who expresses herself as an artist, fashion designer and blogger. Persued B.Sc fashion design at Karavali College (Mangaluru University 2003 - 2006) with first rank. Former lecturer for fashion designing at Gloria College, Puttur for five years (2006-2011). Blogger since 2013.


  1. Interesting read Sindhu. What a great day to start the series. Looking forward for many such informative posts as always.

  2. I love your style of writing,it remembers me of my days spent studying for my university exams πŸ™‚ Interesting facts exposed in such a light and fresh way!Just keep on as you are doing right now!

  3. Amazing post. Great to know about the Tiranga.

  4. That’s great information, Sindhu. Thanks for sharing.
    Happy Independence day!

  5. Grt start on a very SPL day Sindhu:-) looking forward

  6. That is a fascinating post about the Indian National Flag, Sindhu. It is really interesting to learn that the flag can only be made from hand spun and hand woven fibre. I certainly agree with you, I think it is important to remember and celebrate our local textile traditions.

    • Yes, it is really interesting that Indian flag has to be made of khadi material of certain specification. There was a lot to tell… I was tempted to write more, but, all are in celebration mood. So, reserved them for the coming years πŸ™‚ Glad to know that we share similar thoughts about the traditional textiles πŸ™‚ Hope we would be able to preserve them for the future generations…

      TC Peggy! Keep smiling πŸ™‚

  7. What a wonderful start to the new series! Perfect beginning πŸ™‚ Look forward to more of such thoughtful posts. Bande Mataram!

  8. We love our Tiranga & are so proud, Sindhu.
    Lovely that you have shared info about it & also mentioned about Sri Venkayya. Many people aren’t aware that he’s the designer…
    Thanks! Keep Smiling πŸ™‚

    • Yes, Anitha… Very proud of Tiranga πŸ™‚ Glad that you were happy to know about Shri Venkayya… Good information needs to be spread, what say?

      Thank you very much for stopping by dear… TC! Keep smiling πŸ™‚

  9. Awesome …..happy independence day(belated) dear sindhooo. …..

  10. I find your lovely blog so inspiring that I have nominated you for a Liebster Award! Find out more at and congratulations!β˜†

  11. Hi Sindhoo
    Wow what an fantastic details.. I was so unaware with some of the facts quoted here..
    Thanks and thanks for sharing…
    Have a fantastic day ahead
    Bhavikk shah

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